Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The TAJ MAHAL_ An ancient witness of Mumtaz by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan.

Why most of the tourists around the world want to see The Taj Mahal. It is one of the best tourist attractions for its heart touch & historic love Story.

Taj Mahal is the unique symbol of love of the century. The magnificence of the love of the human heart through this unique style of Moghul architecture is truly admirable. One of the best tourist attractions “The Taj Mahal”, one of the seven wonders of the human-created world, is located on the banks of the Jamuna river in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. The description of the beauty of this wonder is beyond any language. The eye itself starts to be surprised when you are in front of The Tajmahal. Your heart won’t believe that, how a creature could be such a beautiful and outstanding’’. And if you believe in love then you must visit The Taj Mahal to find out real reasons why everyone calls it a love monument.

The love story of emperors Shahjahan and Mumtaz is one of the best responding among the love stories of the world. Although there are many more such immortal love stories like them. However, the love story of Emperors Shahjahan and Mumtaz has responded for a special reason. The famous Taj Mahal was built by Emperor Shah Jahan for Mamtaz as a token of love‍‍.

A Distinctive Love The story behind The Taj Mahal

The love of the Taj Mahal has reached every nook and cranny of this vast world. Even amid the tumultuous procession of love, a black current is flowing from somewhere in a very faint form. But sadly, this faint current has never been able to show the extreme arrogance of competing with that gigantic stream of love. The Taj Mahal is now synonymous with infinite love.

Arjuman Ara's(Mumtaj) ancestry was a very prosperous family in Persia. His forefathers were employed in a very respectable profession at the court of the Mughals. Nurjahan, the wife of the Mughal emperor Jahangir, was Arjuman's aunty from the father's side. With all these considerations, it can be said that Arjuman was not unfit to be a Mughal empress.

They were officially married in 1612, five years after the engagement. Shah Jahan named him ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ (chosen one of the palace/pearls of the palace). Shahjahan's boundless love for him was revealed in his name. Later, she is still known as Mumtaz Mahal to the whole world.
Tajmahal is the tomb of Mamtaz, the wife of Emperor Shahabuddin Muhammad Shahjahan. Khurram, the third son of Emperor Jahangir, was born in 1592. He grew up as the gem of the eye of grandfather Akbar and father Jahangir. Although proficient in war and education, he was interested in many other subjects, such as architecture, jewelry, and crafts.
The time was 1612. Emperor Shahjahan was 20 years old. One day, on the way through Agra Bazaar, Shahjahan's eyes suddenly stopped at a beautiful girl Arjumand Banu Begum a girl aged 15. Shahjahan likes Arjumand like love at first sight. Later on May 10, 1612, Mumtaz was married to the young king Khurram (Emperor Shah Jahan). Although Wikipedia says the couple was between the ages of 15 and 14, respectively).

However, before this marriage, for political reasons, Emperor Shahjahan married the prince of Persia. Emperor Shahjahan later changed his wife's name to Mamtaz. In a married life of nineteen years, Mumtaz had fourteen children. Mumtaz died in 1631, at the age of 39 at Burhanapur giving birth to his 14th child. After the death of his wife, Muhammad Shahjahan created this iconic symbol of love for the memory of his beloved wife. Shahjahan did not eat anything for seven days after his wife's death. Didn't even get out of the house. Seven days later Shahjahan stepped out. Then his hair color was gray, his face was pale.

The interesting fact is nobody is sure about the serial of Mumtaz in the list of wives of Emperor Shahjahan. According to Wikipedia, Mumtaz was Emperor Shahjahan's second wife. Somewhere it is said that Mamtaz Shahjahan's 3rd wife, somewhere called 4th wife. It is not known exactly how many wives there are.

Emperor Shahjahan and Mumtaz love story tell that Emperor Shahjahan saw Mumtaz in the market and liked Mumtaz at the first appearance. But it is also heard that Mumtaz was married before and Emperor Shahjahan killed Mumtaz's husband and then married Mumtaz. Not only that, before Mamtaz, but Emperor Shahjahan also had five more wives, and after marrying Mumtaz, Emperor Shahjahan married three more. Even after the death of Mumtaz, Shahjahan married Mumtaz's younger sister. The designer of the Taj Mahal was Isha Mohammad. He made a sculpture to give his wife a gift. Later, the design was made in favor of the emperor Shahjahan's world-famous Taj Mahal and the eyes of Isha Mohammad (The designer of The Taj Mahal, tourist attractions nowadays) were blinded so that he could no longer create this design. Not only that, but Emperor Shahjahan also cut off the hands of the 20,000 workers who built this palace by day and night A cruel history of lovelies hidden behind the emperor Shahjahan-Mamtaz's love story and the Taj Mahal.

Controversy over the love story of Emperor Shahjahan and Mumtaz:

A professor from India named P.N. Oak questioned the veracity of Shahjahan and Mumtaz's love story in an article named 'Taj Mahal: The True Story'. In his writings, he mentions that the love story of Mumtaz and Shahjahan is a fairy tale created in folklore. Because there is no mention of such deep and wonderful love in any official documents or texts of that time in India.

He presented some more documentaries which prove that the Taj Mahal never belonged to Emperor Shah Jahan. Among them is Marvin Miller, an archaeologist from New York, who examined the walls of the Taj Mahal on the banks of the river Jamuna. According to his carbon test, this carbon is 300 years older than the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan!

Another thing is that a European tourist visited Agra in 1838. The time is just 7 years after the death of Shahjahan's wife Mumtaz. But he did not mention the Taj Mahal in his book Travels to India.

Construction plan and work of the great Taj Mahal

Among the Mughal emperors, Shah Jahan was quite luxurious. He not only had a penchant for fascinating architecture; Rather, it became an addiction. As a result, all the artistic patterns that developed throughout India, which have so far been able to keep the eyes of travelers on India.
The pages of history testify that this huge undertaking of the construction of the Taj Mahal began in early 1632. The architecture of Shahjahan's dream became a reality around 1647 (1653).

Work of Architectural Sector of The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal's construction style combines Persian, Turkish, Indian, and Islamic architecture. Although the majestic mausoleum of white marble is much admired, the Taj Mahal is, in fact, a complex intact architecture. It was listed as the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Taj Mahal is one of the seventh wonders in the world and one of the most visited tourist attractions.

The main reason for the beauty of the crown is the adornment on the walls and the arches on the four sides. Rows of flower, relief rows work on the bottom of the wall. It is so lively that it is worth touching that turned this place to one of the most popular tourist attractions. Although the flowers seem familiar, they are not recognized properly. The name of the creator of the Arabic script of the Naskh style carved on the edge of the arch is known only, as he writes his name on the outer wall both inside and in one place.

Although there has been much controversy over who designed the tomb, it is clear that a team of artisan designers and craftsmen created the deal with Ustad Ahmed Lahori, who is leading the aspirations of being the main architect of the Taj Mahal, and Abdul Karim Mamur Khan and Makramat Khan, who was most prominent at that time. He was a perfect, talented, and high-level engineer and designer. Besides, the famous calligraphies of tourist attractions the Taj Mahal were done by the then calligrapher Abdul Haque, whose emperor himself was honored with the title of 'Amanat Khan(', fascinated by his complimentary calligraphy.

At first glance beneath the huge dome of the Taj, entering the southern door of the courtyard, the fine meshwork enclosing the two tombs is a retarded marble enclosure. It is heard that it took ten years to make the lattice on these eight stones and to finish the work of flowers, or 'piitra-dura', with various pieces of colored gemstones. The work of this ingenious 'inlay' was completed by bringing various gemstones from Tibet to Turquoise, Kashmir to Sapphire, Agate from Gujarat, Cornelian from the Arab country, Jade from Kashgar, Lapis Lazuli from Badaksam, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. The design of small flowers on the two tombs of rectangles just below the dome and on the surrounding mesh about two meters high gave a completely different dimension to this work. According to some sources, this work was taken over by the well-known Minkar Chiranjilal in Delhi. But seeing the work of these tourist attractions, many European travelers thought that the Taj was designed by a European.

Agustus de Bordeaux, a French goldsmith, has worked for many years in the court of Jahangir. Jahangir gave him the title of 'Homermand' when he saw a new type of throne. But before the construction of the Taj began in 1632, he died.

Today where the Taj Mahal stands, it was the property of Maharaja Jai ​​Singh. Shahjahan acquired the land in exchange for a huge palace in Mid-Agra. The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632; One year after the death of Mumtaz. In the efforts of more than 20,000 workers, the construction of the domes was completed in 1648, 17 years after the death of Mumtaz; Although the whole work is finished in 1653. Not just people; The elephant's shareholder is the construction, who was involved in transporting marble stones for construction.

Physical and Organizational Structures of the Taj Mahal: Infrastructure 

The whole Taj Mahal is 180 feet high with the main dome being 213 feet high and 60 feet wide and four minarets around it, each with a height of 162.5 feet. The whole complex is 1902X1002 feet in size. Only the Taj Mahal is built on 186X186 feet of marble. Its main entrance is 151X117 feet wide and 100 feet high. For the construction of the Taj Mahal, transparent marble stone is brought from Punjab, green stone from China, transparent and bluestone from Tibet, and sapphire from Sri Lanka. Apart from India, Pakistan, and Persia, this unique architecture is made from around 20 precious stones from different countries of the world.

Budget & Costing on that time to build The Taj Mahal

It is difficult to estimate the cost of construction and for some problems, there is some variation as to how much it cost to build the tourist attractions, Taj Mahal. It is estimated that the Taj Mahal was built at an estimated cost of 32 million dollars.  But the cost of the labor, the time it takes to build and the different economic times cost it a lot, so it is called priceless.

The land on which the Taj Mahal stood, was very low. That land with plenty of soil was raised about 50 meters [160 feet] above the banks of the river Jamuna. Just like the earthquake-proof multilayer column built right now, many planks are dug in there and then filled with stones, sand, and soil. This base of the Taj Mahal will not be affected by earthquakes or severe natural disasters. A large stage was erected on the filled linen and the construction of the tomb was completed on it. To build a house now, the bamboo scaffolding takes place. The scaffolding for the construction of the Taj Mahal is also a wonderful example. The scaffolding was made of brick for the work on the Taj Mahal. The scaffold was so large that the masons said it would take them several years to break the scaffold. Shahjahan then instructed that the bricks of this load could be taken by anyone for free. Overnight, the ravines disappear. Thousands of poor farmers in the state take off the bricks to build their own houses.

Other Tourist Attractions of the Taj Mahal

Tomb of the Taj Mahal

At the base of the Taj Mahal is its white marble stone tomb. Which, like other Mughal tombs, has mainly Persian features, such as symmetrical buildings with Iowans, a bow-shaped door, large domes on top. The tomb stands on a square altar. The base structure is huge and few rooms. In the main room, memorial monuments of Mumtaz Mahal and Shahjahan are set up, their graves are one level below.

The Taj Mahal is surrounded on three sides by walls like sandstone forts. There is no wall on the side of the river. Beyond this wall, there are more tombs, including the tombs of Shahjahan's other wives and a large tomb of Mumtaz's beloved attendants. The architecture is mainly made of red sandstone, which looks like the small Mughal general tomb of that time.

The dome of the Taj Mahal

The most striking feature of the tomb is the marble dome above the tomb. Its size is roughly equal to the size of the base of the building, which is about 35 meters. Because of its height, the dome is mounted on a 7-meter-high cylinder drum.

The tower of the Taj Mahal

The minarets are at the corners of the altar - four large outposts each with a height of more than 40 meters. The symmetry of the Taj Mahal is also noticed in the minarets.
The outposts have been designed in the traditional minaret of the mosque, where the muezzin gives Azan for prayers. Each minaret is divided into two equal portions with two porches. At the very top of the minaret is the last porch on which is a similar umbrella to the tomb umbrellas.
The umbrellas of the minarets have done the same thing as the design of the Padma Phool on the top. Each of the minarets is nudged to the outside of the altar so that it does not fall over the main tomb even if it is broken.

After the completion of the construction of the Taj the tourist attractions, the emperor made proper arrangements for its maintenance. Together with the designs of the Taj in the wider area in the south, Caravanserai, and Katara (Market) were created for retail and wholesale businesses. With the rent income of this source and the tax income from villagers are spent for regular cleaning and maintenance of the Taj. But after Shah Jahan's demise and house arrest a few years later, the Taj the most popular tourist attractions gradually became neglected.

Although Aurangzeb once noticed that he had arranged to stop water falling from the roof, there is no evidence that he paid particular attention to his mother's mausoleum. However, it is noticed that at Begampura in Aurangabad, he followed the Taj in the design of his mausoleum, Dilsaras Banu Mausoleum Bibi-ka-Maqbara.

In the eighteenth century, more and more misery approached. In the year of 1719, the Syed brothers, who first occupied Delhi's mosque, robbed the precious 'Chador' of pearls from the famous tourist attractions that were seized on the tomb of Mumtaz every Friday. After that, in the year 1761, the Jatha robbers robbed the wooden doors of the majestic silver mattress. It was then the turn of English. The English were way to the ancient tourist attractions of the Taj Mahal.

After the rebellion of 1857, army tents were laid in the gardens, and in the east 'the guest house is provided for army officers to stay. The garden was destroyed, pieces of precious stones made of metal fountains, lattices, and tombs were dug, gold leaf was removed from the copper. His weight is as many kilos as it is now. Later, with the special efforts of Viceroy Lord Curzon, Taj regained much of his old glory as well as tourist attractions.

However, the most lasting damage to the Taj has been in recent times, when huge petrol refineries were built in Mathura. It is not possible to compensate for the damage caused by the white whitish marble stone in that chemical poisoning. It is uncertain how long a single point of water will last for a long period of time in the white light.

From the fancy creation of a mighty emperor, the marble of the Taj Mahal has gradually been transformed into a poet's poem, the symbol of the tears of sorrow. Although Shahjahan has many qualities, it is not known whether he wrote the poem, but it is acceptable that he has given his nineteen-year-old love a permanent status. That is to say, I saw the Taj, nothing more to see.

One of the most popular Tourist Attractions, the Taj Mahal

The famous tourist attraction Taj Mahal has attracted many tourists since its construction. Even on the south side of the Taj Mahal, the small-town Taj Ganj or Mumtazabad was built to create an auberge and market for tourists to meet the needs of tourists and craftsmen.
At present, this tourist attraction attracts between 2 and 3 million tourists, of which 2,5,700 are foreigners, which is India's most popular tourist destination and one of the famous tourist attractions. Most tourists come in October, November, and February during the cold season. Air-polluting vehicles are prohibited from coming to the Taj Mahal. Therefore, tourists have to come to the Taj Mahal by walking or by electric buses. Khawasapura has been re-launched for tourists.

At present, the entry price of Taj Mahal is only 40 bucks for Indians. The entry price of the Taj for tourists of SAARC country is 530 bucks. And for the rest of the world, it is 1000 bucks.
Archaeological Survey of India arranges on-line tickets for tourists to visit the tourist attraction from December 25, 2014.

The mysteries of the Tourist Attraction Taj Mahal is still unknown!

Tourist attraction Taj Mahal is one and special among the seven wonders of the world. The history of which is more or less known to almost everyone. This architecture of Agra is considered a symbol of love. Its beauty and magic are such that even today, after all these years, everyone is compelled to be fascinated by love. We all know the Taj Mahal is one of the seventh wonders in the world. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built this tourist attraction Taj Mahal to preserve the memory of his third wife, Mamtaz Mahal. Mamtaz Mahal died in childbirth on the 14th. It is located in Agra, India. Most people know this information. Let’s know some unknown information about the Taj Mahal.

1) This Taj Mahal curriculum is included not only for tourism. Mughal Emperor Shahjahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of Mumtaz in 1653. It is a tomb.
2) A craftsman was brought from Baghdad for the construction of the Taj Mahal, who could engrave a curved on a stone.
3) Istanbul artisans were brought in to build domes at many heights. The craftsmen come from 

Samarkand to make the minarets. Thus more than 25000 craftsmen built the Taj Mahal.
In the light of the sun, the Taj Mahal is seen in one form, and in the twilight of the evening, it may appear again in another form. And on a moonlit night, the famous tourist attractions Taj Mahal, with its fountains, canals, and gardens, becomes a reflection of heaven.

Seeing these games of light and darkness, maybe a drop or two of tears would have come to the eyes of the dying Shahjahan. He may have tried to remember his past glory with tears. Maybe then a humble call from the unseen would come from the life-giving Mumtaz Mahal.

Whether it was love or hate centered on the Taj Mahal, the debate may last forever. There will be various arguments, and new debates will be created for the sake of arguments. Basically, these debates are also a kind of beauty. Because of the controversy, the whole world is attracted to him, and millions of people flock to the banks of the Jamuna in Agra every year in response to that attraction.

Why don’t you visit The Taj Mahal this year?

Transportation, How a tourist can go to these famous tourist attractions?

The easiest and most popular way of reaching Agra from Delhi is by train and the train will take 2 to 3 hours to reach the famous tourist attractions, Taj Mahal. You can book a seat of a luxurious but and the bus will give you a journey of 4 to 5 hours to reach The Taj Mahal. But from Jaipur, it will take 5 to 6 hours by bus and 3.5 to 4 hours by train to reach the destination. On another route, Gwalior will fetch 1 hour by train and 2 hours by bus from you.

Accommodation, Hotel & motels nearby the Taj Mahal and costing

There are so many luxurious and reasonable hotels & motels around Agra. All you need is just call them and make sure you book your room in advance if you want. I would like to mention some of them below sorting by lowest to highest in costing.
01.  Hotel Sheela, 0.3 miles from Taj Mahal, 6 minutes of walking distance. Address: 1/16 B, Eastern Gate Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh, India, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Official site: Hotel Sheela Agra   Cost: $10-11
02.  Hotel Saniya Palace B&B, 0.4 miles from Taj Mahal, Price: $11-12.
03.  Capital O 3773 City Square And Suites, 1.2 miles from Taj Mahal. Cost: $34-36.
04.  Hotel Taj Inn, 0.9 miles from Taj Mahal, Address: 18/163. B/4, Taj View X-ing, Fatehabad Road, Agra, India, Tel: +91 562 40463 006/ +91 98 3780 00189, Official site:  Hotel Taj Inn  Cost: $26-27

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